Current leaders of major world organizations

You want to know who are the current leaders of the main world organizations; those who are characterized by being professionals with extensive and recognized experience in their nation and the world; whose goal is to achieve the objectives of the institutions under their charge, facing firmly and decisively each of the challenges that are presented to them; Find out by continuing to read this interesting post.

Importance of leaders in world organizations

Leaders are essentially the engines that set the functioning of organizations in motion, they provide the necessary impulse to their followers so that they feel confident in their decisions, work maintaining the commitment with their nations and concentrate all the positive energies together to make changes. at a social level for the benefit of the quality of life of all citizens in the world.

An example of this is found in the meeting held in November 2020 in Geneva where leaders of organizations such as the FAO, OIE and the WHO met, in order to seek alternatives to face the problems caused by the incidence of Covid-19 in the world.

Outstanding current leaders

There are important world organizations that combine their efforts to achieve greater benefits for humanity every day, each one of them with functions oriented to a particular area; but all based on the collective interests of the world. Among the leaders who head some of these institutions are:

  •  António Guterres, ninth Secretary General of the United Nations, who previously held the position of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
  •  Qu Dongyu, is the Director General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  •  Kristalina Georgieva, is the Director General of the International Monetary Fund and former Director General of the World Bank.
  •  David Malpass is the Executive Director of the World Bank.
  •  Charles Michel is the current President of the European Council
  •  Guy Ryder is the Director of the International Labor Organization.
  •  Tore Hattrem is the President of the United Nations Children’s Fund.
  •  Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus Director General of the World Health Organization.
  •  Zurab Pololikashvili is the Secretary General of the World Tourism Organization.
  •  Audrey Azoulay is the Director General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
  •  Elvia Violeta Menjivar Escalante is the President of the 54th PAHO Directing Council.
  •  Alicia Bárcena Ibarra is the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
  •  Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala is the Director General of the World Trade Organization.
  •  Luis Almagro is the Secretary General of the Organization of American States.
  •  Mauricio Claver-Carone is the President of the Inter-American Development Bank.
  •  Mary Robinson President of the Center for Sport and Human Rights.
  •  António Vitorino Director General of the International Organization for Migration.

As can be seen throughout the world, there are many leaders who are at the head of important organizations; However, there are other people who are worth mentioning for having a recognized career as professionals, such is the case of those who are conducting studies to achieve a vaccine and treatment with which to control the spread of Covid-19.

In this sense, it is worth mentioning the leadership of scientists who are not at the head of a world organization, but have managed to stand out, such as the American Kizzmekia Colbert, the British Sarah Gilbert, and the Chinese Chen Wei, who carry out studies and tests to develop the antigen that will finally be effective against this virus.

At the same time, it is opportune to emphasize that this is a great challenge for public health throughout the planet and that it will be overcome thanks to the existence of precursors of immunology and the germinal theory of the process followed by infectious diseases and asepsis, as they were Luis Pasteur, Edward Jenner and Joseph Lister; Thanks to all of them for this contribution.

How are UN members elected?

Do you know how the members of the UN are elected? an international organization founded during the year 1945 after the incidence of the Second World War and in which 51 countries committed themselves to maintaining security and peace, fostering relations between them with a view to increasing social progress, giving rise to improvements of Human Rights and improve the standard of living of all citizens.

What is the UN?

The United Nations Organization identified and recognized throughout the world as the UN, is an institution within which nations meet to air and discuss common problems in order to find possible solutions; reaching in this case the signing of important agreements.

It has evolved considerably over the years, to stay current in a world that experiences frequent changes; however, it remains to date the only place on earth within which all nations can meet, to find solutions to the problems that afflict humanity.

In the words of its current secretary general, Antonio Guterres, who took office in 2017, “In the end, everything comes down to values. We want the world that our children inherit to be defined by the values ​​enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations: peace, justice, respect, human rights, tolerance and solidarity it is clear that its mission is vital to preserve harmony among all the nations of the world.

Election of UN members

Every year, through its General Assembly, each one of the members is elected by means of a vote with an absolute majority, for which they cast an individual vote, directly and secretly.

Each member remains in office for three years and cannot be re-elected immediately, after having been in office for two consecutive terms.

To be a candidate for UN membership, it is only necessary that they be over 25 years of age, have a university or technical degree; have at least two years of relevant work experience and are fluent in at least one of these languages: English, French or Spanish; since they are used for work within this entity.

The election of the members of the UN Security Council is contemplated in article 92 of its regulations; where in addition to being an act carried out by direct and secret vote, it does not admit the presentation of candidacies.

In turn, the admission of new members in the United Nations is carried out in accordance with the provisions of article 134, which can be seen through the following extract:

Any State that wishes to become a Member of the United Nations must submit an application to the Secretary-General. This request shall be accompanied by a declaration, made in a formal instrument, that said State accepts the obligations set forth in the Charter.

The applications are analyzed and the requesting member will be admitted if the Security Council itself recommends their entry, after verifying that it is a Nation that advocates peace and is willing to comply with the guidelines of this international organization.

As soon as the particular case on the acceptance of this new member is brought, it is submitted to a direct and secret vote; being assigned to the position in case of approval by two thirds of the members present.

If the majority of votes is not achieved, the applicant is not admitted; Therefore, the options are to analyze your request more thoroughly on another occasion or to postpone it until it is considered appropriate. Any decision in this is sent to the Nation requesting it through its Secretary General.

Undoubtedly, the organization we know as the United Nations is one of the most important in the world, because through it conflicts involving nations and entire continents are managed, for the benefit of the correct procedure to guarantee the lives of beings. humans on the planet.

In this sense, it is essential that its representatives enjoy an impeccable reputation, based on ethical and moral values, integrity and commitment to uphold the purposes on which this organization was founded. Find more information on our page.

Major international organizations

Discover which are the most relevant international organizations; because they are institutions that act as mediators to achieve peace and security among the nations that make up the world, in addition to providing their cooperation in agreements and treaties that promote their development with a view to achieving a better life for citizens.

What are international organizations?

They are those created as political entities that have powers to make decisions in an international environment, going beyond the limits of each nation and in charge of members of sovereign States or intergovernmental organizations.
In other words, it is a group or association whose competence is worldwide, with a permanent organic structure.

According to authors such as Manuel Velazco, international organizations are: “voluntary associations created through agreements between different states in order to manage certain collective interests”

Within what should be noted that an organization can be seen as an entity or institution of a defined type, which in turn is made up of sectors, areas or offices; while the term international is used to indicate its range of action, as is the fact that it implies a multiplicity of countries.

Relevant international organizations

International organizations have been created for a particular purpose, whether they seek to help a nation’s economy, promote its health, or mediate social conflicts.

They are governed by agreements and treaties, they have their own principles and laws; but always respecting the regulations inherent to each country; its general objective is:

  •  Promote economic growth
  •  Support the proper functioning of the regions
  •  Maintain good relations, as well as alliances with other countries
  •  Increase foreign investment

Some of the international organizations that directly affect the decisions taken at the global level in favor of development, growth and maintenance of peace among nations are the following:

  •  FAO. World Food and Agriculture Organization IMF.
  •  International Monetary Fund World Bank Council of Europe ILO.
  •  International Labor Organization WHO.
  •  World Health Organization UNWTO.
  •  UN World Tourism Organization.
  •  Organization of the United Nations OSCE.
  •  Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe NATO.
  •  North Atlantic Treaty Organization OECD.
  •  Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
  •  Other United Nations agencies UNDP.
  •  United Nations Development Program UNEP.
  •  United Nations Environment Program UNESCO.
  •  United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNICEF.
  •  United Nations Children’s Fund UN Women.
  •  UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

There are also other international organizations involved in promoting peace and helping the survivors of the Second World War in Europe, such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, identified by the acronym UNHCR; responsible for safeguarding the well-being and defending the rights of those who have fled their country due to political conflicts.

On the other hand, there is also the International Organization for Migration (IOM) whose mission is to efficiently manage the control of the entry of citizens between different nations, to encourage their social and economic development.

One of the most outstanding international organizations in the world is the UN, to which many other institutions are linked, especially in matters of health, food, culture, economy, development and more; therefore, it works in collaboration with them in order to achieve important benefits for all nations.

The activities carried out within the FAO, UNESCO, WHO, WTO, IDB, OECD and ECLAC have been linked to the UN.
All international organizations are regulated in their action by the secretaries of each State.

If you are interested in learning more about this type of organization that ensures the correct conduct of countries in order to guarantee the existence of human beings on the planet and coexistence in harmony, on our page you will find other articles that you will love reading. In addition, we invite you to share them with other people who may be interested to make our community grow.

The evolution of the electoral system

There are rules that determine the governing bodies that are the political representation of a country; This has changed throughout history, however most are done by direct and secret vote; attending to different types, so in this post we invite you to learn about the evolution of the electoral system.

What is an electoral system?

The electoral system can be defined as a process that aims to elect the rulers of a particular nation following a set of previously established rules, within which it is determined how the voting process will be carried out, the collection of this vote and its subsequent scrutiny in order to make the results known to the public.

Electoral systems of a political nature are organized by the government of the nation itself; It should be noted that they are also used by informal organizations and other non-profit organizations; in which case they can be organized by the institutions or companies themselves.

All electoral systems are governed by internal regulations within which it is indicated who is allowed to vote, who can be launched as candidates to be part of their ballot papers and what will be the method used to count the votes.

Among other aspects, the limit of expenses admitted for the electoral campaign and any other factor that is relevant in obtaining real, verifiable results and attached to the decision issued by the majority of the voters who participate in the elections are highlighted.

It should be noted that there are electoral systems within which a single winner is chosen for a certain position, as in the case of president, governor or prime minister; while other positions can be achieved through multiple winners, citing, for example, members of boards of directors or parliament.

History of the evolution of the electoral system

The democratic elections that characterize the majority of electoral systems, have among their ancient antecedents as a starting point a meeting held in the public square of ancient Athens, however the design of this electoral model has been present since the mid-nineteenth century.

During the time in which the First World War took place, there were democratic parliaments that used formats to carry out elections through lists, proof of which is part of the history of Scandinavian countries and the Netherlands, while France and Germany were based on a system of double round and others established the relative majority to assign political positions as was the case of the United States, England, Canada and New Zealand.

While Australia represented a particular case, replacing the colonial electoral system with an alternative vote system in 1918.

In the year 1945, at least 80% of democratic nations elected their parliaments through proportional methods, using list PR forms; with the exception of the Republic of Ireland and Malta, which adhered to the single transferable vote.

On the other hand, the United States, England, India and two Caribbean countries increased their number of MR systems to six; maintaining the PR as hegemonic in at least three quarters of the total.

In the 1980s, electoral systems have undergone a growing evolution, using a system similar to the French double round and parallel; such was its relevance that practically in 1995 they are the systems that make up practically a quarter of all the known ones.

Nowadays different electoral systems are managed, each one of them according to the interests of each nation; among which it is worth mentioning; MR – Relative Majority, VB – Block Vote, VA – Automated Voting System, DV, Parallel, VUNT-, RP Lists, RPP – Personalized Proportional Representation and VUT – Single Transferable Vote.

The way in which human beings have managed to organize themselves to lead the masses is striking, however it is clear that there is still a long way to go when it comes to guaranteeing all rights to all people in the world.